EARLY NORFOLK PHOTOGRAPHERS - B

 

 

 

BAILEY, Albert

 

Watton            

KN1900, KN1904, KN1908, KN1912, KN1916

 

BALDRY, George William

 

In 'The Norfolk Chronicle', 26th December 1863, Baldry announced the opening of his newly-built studio at 6 London Street, Norwich. His bankruptcy was reported in 'The Norfolk News', 28th January 1865.  Cory describes him as being ‘from London’, but no Baldry is to be found in Pritchard.

 

BANGER, Edgar H

 

2a Exchange Street, Norwich         

KN1896, TC1901

 

114 St Benedict's Street, Norwich 

KN1900, KN1904, KN1908, JN1911, KN1912, JN1914, KN1916

 

Listed as Banger & Co in KN1912, KN1916. Cartes and cabinet prints, probably from the 1890s, have ‘2 Exchange Street, Market Place, Norwich’. Cory gives this form of the address for c1894. TC1901 misreports him as 'F H Banger'.

 

BANGER, Gavin &

 

White Lion Street, Norwich

KN1888

 

Back of the Inns, Norwich         

WN1890

 

85 Upper St Giles Street, Norwich         

KN1892

 

BANTOCK, Roger James

 

7 Castle Street, Thetford

KN1904, KN1908, KN1912

 

38 King Street, Thetford

KN1916, AN1916

 

BANYARD, C

 

Theatre Street, Dereham

KN1883

 

BARBER Charles

 

Dereham Road, Norwich

MN1867, KN1875

 

See note after the entry for Charles J Barber.

 

BARBER Charles J

 

St Benedict's Road, Norwich         

HN1863, HN1868, HN1872, HN1877

 

The series of Barber/Barker entries is confusing. Since the two surnames are similar, since St Benedict’s Road is the Dereham Road, since the initials ‘I’ and ‘J’ look much alike, and since no two of these entries ever appear in the same source, some errors in the original directory listings seem possible. The four entries in this A to Z may represent just two photographers – or even one. Charles J Barber, aged 40, is the only one of this group of alleged photographers to have been found in the 1871 census.

 

BARKER Charles Ives

 

Dereham Road, Norwich

KN1869

 

The provision of a full middle name, Ives, adds an air of authenticity. But see note after the entry for Charles J Barber.

 

BARKER, C J

 

Dereham Road, Norwich

WN1864

 

See note after the entry for Charles J Barber.

 

BARNS, Frank and Bertha

 

Paul Godfrey has found evidence of this husband-and-wife studio that has yet to be discovered in any trade directory. The 1911 census shows Frank and Bertha Barns, aged 46 and 43 respectively, living at 186 North Gates Street, Great Yarmouth. He is described as ‘photographer’ and ‘employer’. No occupation is given for her, but it seems that the business was run in her name, since postcards exist with ‘B E Barns, Hippodrome Studio, Great Yarmouth’ or ‘B E Barns, The Lady Photographer, Hippodrome Studio, Great Yarmouth’ printed on the back. It is possible that the studio was on the south side of the Hippodrome Circus forecourt on Marine Parade, for an Edwardian postcard shows an unidentified studio on this site. The shop front has signs advertising ‘Perfect Portraits, 12 for 1/-, including frames. Day or Night, Wet or Fine.’ The implication is that artificial lighting was in use, which would have given the studio a competitive edge over the nearby beach and promenade photographers, whose business was at the mercy of light and weather conditions.

 

The couple came from Kent, and in the 1870s Frank’s father, Thomas, had set up a photographic studio in Faversham in addition to his cabinet making business. Other members of the family also became photographers. By 1881 Frank was assisting his father in the studio, and in 18891 he was working as a photographer in Nottingham, though not, apparently, running his own business. Frank and Bertha Elizabeth Histed married in Faversham, also in 1891, and were still there in 1901. There is no indication of how long their Hippodrome Studio lasted, but competition in Yarmouth was strong, and a business on the seafront may have struggled for custom during the winter months.

 

BARROW, Edward Thomas Ebenezer

 

Market Street, Wymondham   

KN1908

 

BATCHELDER, Stephen John

 

Opposite Pitt Street, St Augustine's, Norwich

KN1865

 

St Augustine’s Street, Norwich

MN1867

 

Ber Street, Norwich         

HN1868, HN1872

 

Regent Road, Yarmouth

HN1872, KN1875, HN1877, KN1879

 

73 Regent Road, Yarmouth

GY 1874, SYcirca1878

 

2 Roman Place, Nelson Road, Yarmouth       

KN1875, KN1879

 

Two identically named members of the Batchelder family practised photography, and, except in Kelly, it is not always clear which is referred to. KN1865 mentions Stephen John Batchelder & Son and MN1867 refers to S J Batchelder & Sons, while Stephen John Batchelder junior is listed in KN1875 and KN1879. Other directories simply have Stephen or S J Batchelder. (Regent Road studios)

 

BAUME, Mr

 

He set up a Photographic Gallery at Castle Meadow in Norwich in 1854, and a 'Norfolk Chronicle' advertisement on 30th September announced that he would soon be leaving the city to visit Oxford. He is presumably the John Baume mentioned by Heathcote as a former associate of Oliver Sarony, who travelled extensively throughout England during the years 1853-58.

 

BAXTER, John James

 

Referred to in 'The Norfolk News', 5th April 1856, where he is described in a Norwich court report as having formerly run a chemist's shop and as currently claiming to be a 'photographic artist'. He was living in St Benedict's, Norwich, at the time, though there's no clear evidence that he had a studio there.

 

BEALES, Anthony

 

Believed active in the early 1890s.  A cabinet print of Clarke & Co, apparently dating from the mid 1890s, is marked ‘Studio Royal, Norwich, late Anthony Beales’.

 

BEATTIE, John

 

Known to have set up temporary studios in Regent Road, Yarmouth, in July 1852, and in Diss some time in 1855. A 'Norfolk News' advertisement of 21st June 1856 (when he was working in Lowestoft, Suffolk) refers to him visiting Yarmouth six years earlier. This appears to indicate a visit to the town in 1850, but Beattie's counting of the years may have been a little approximate.

 

Born in Scotland around 1820, Beattie was a daguerreotypist who took up wet plate photography in the early 1850s. His travels in Eastern England included both Norfolk and Suffolk, but he eventually settled in Bristol in 1858. He is referred to by both Linkman and Heathcote.

 

BELCHAMBERS, Henry

 

Chamberlain Buildings, Lynn

CN1856

 

Described in Craven as a ‘photographic portrait painter’. His 1857 advertisements in the Lynn Advertiser refer to his having been practising in the town for two years and identify the studio as being in Railway Road.

 

BENNETT, Mrs Charles

 

This was Sybilla Bennett, the wife of a local builder. Heathcote notes that, in August 1854, Mrs Bennett advertised a portrait studio at 7 London Road, King’s Lynn, and she contributed photographs to an exhibition marking the opening of Lynn's Athenaeum in 1854. She also offered

lessons in making wax flowers.

 

BERRY, William C

 

Church Street, Wells   

KN1883

 

BERRYMAN, Mrs M

 

Castle Meadow, Norwich         

KN1858

 

BIDWELL, Frederick

 

Lynn Road, Swaffham

KN1875

 

See also Frederick B Bidwell, below.

 

BIDWELL, Frederick B

 

London Road, Downham       

K1879

 

See also Frederick Bidwell, above.

 

BILL, Little

 

Believed to be the trading name of William Martin. See entry under 'Little Bill.'

 

BIRD, Sawyer &

 

42 London Street, Norwich         

HN1872

 

King Street, Yarmouth

HN1872, HN1877

 

London            

HN1872, GY1874, HN1877

 

Norwich         

GY1874

 

182 King Street, Yarmouth       

GY1874, KN1875

 

32 London Street, Norwich         

KN1875, KN1879, KN1883

 

36a Rathbone Place, London (offices)

KN1875

 

42 London Street, Norwich

HN1877

 

14 King Street, Yarmouth       

SYcirca1878, KN1979, KN1883

 

74 Oxford Street, London (offices)          

KN1883

 

John Sawyer had already been running a studio at 42 London Street for some years before 1872, and Heathcote says the partnership was formed in 1871. According to Pritchard, Sawyer & Bird also had London premises at 87 Regent Street West, 1872-3, and were part of the firm of Sawyer, Bird & Foxlee at that address in 1874. Further information about the partnership appears under Sawyer & Bird. See also the Sawyer & Bird studio folder and a separate note on King Street studios.

 

BLANCHARD, Valentine, senior

 

According to the 'Lynn Advertiser', he opened a studio at the 'Photographic Rooms of Mr Agger, the builder' in Railway Road, Lynn, on 18th June 1859, and stayed there until late February or early March 1860. For information about his later career, see studio note.

 

BLANCHARD, Valentine, junior

 

Nephew of Valentine Blanchard, above. The 1881 census shows him as a photographer at 107 Norfolk Street, King’s Lynn, but no record of this studio has been found in trade directories. He subsequently ran studios in Wisbech and Cambridge. For more information, see the Cambridgeshire Directory.

 

BLAKELY, S Fitzgerald

 

Snettisham       

KN1896

 

BLAZEBY, James

 

He is referred to by Cory at 16 Bethel Street, Norwich, c1867, working with William Blazeby, below.

 

BLAZEBY, William

 

Bethel Street, Norwich         

MN1867, HN1868, KN1869, HN1872, HN1877

 

BOND & Newman

 

Bank Plain, Norwich         

KN1888

 

Bond is the same as William Bond, below. On the evidence of a copyright registration found by David Gobbitt, the partners had taken over the Bank Plain studio from C M Gidney by October 1886. A cabinet print from the mid-to-late 1880s gives the information: 'Bond & Newman, late R Green. Bank Plain and New Catton, Norwich'. (Robert Green had run the Bank Plain studio for some years before Gidney's brief tenure.) The New Catton branch was presumably the Denmark Road studio at which Bond also operated under just his own name for a while. 

 

BOND, Frederick

 

172 Waterloo Road, Norwich

KN1912

 

BOND, Henry

 

Withers Street, Holt     

WN1883

 

BOND, William

 

Cawston, Norwich         

KN1875

 

Church Lane, Norwich

WN1883

 

New Catton, Norwich

KN1883

 

Denmark Road, New Catton

KN1888

 

Granville Terrace, Norwich         

WN1890

 

Magdalen Road, Norwich

WN1890

 

Bank Plain, Norwich         

WN1890, KN1892

 

Aylsham        

WN1890

 

1 Sprowston Road, Norwich         

KN1892, KN1896, KN1900, KN1904

 

53 London Street, Norwich         

KN1896

 

Magdalen Street, Norwich         

KN1896

 

63 Magdalen Street, Norwich         

KN1900, KN1904

 

72b Magdalen Street, Norwich

TC1901

 

131a Magdalen Street, Norwich

JN1911, KN1912, JN1914, KN1916

 

These entries probably all refer to the same practitioner. Denmark Road was later known as Sprowston Road. Cory mentions an additional studio at 4 Churchill Road, Norwich, 1894. Cartes in the possession of Sheila Miller mention studios at both Bank Plain and New Catton, so there was a period - not evident from trade directory entries - when both studios  were operating at the same time. David Gobbitt has discovered a copyright registration showing that the New Catton studio was in operation as early as October 1886.(See also Bond & Newman, above.)

              

BONE, Miss May

 

Norwich Street/Road, Fakenham 

KN1904, KN1908, KN1912, KN1916

 

Beach Terrace, Hunstanton

KN1908

 

Red Lion Street, Aylsham ,

KN1908

 

Pier Gate, Hunstanton 

KN1912, KN1916

 

Station Road, Fakenham

AN1916

 

Miss Bone’s Hunstanton operation aimed for a share of the holiday trade. The business took promenade photos that were presented in postcard format and bore the address ‘May Bone’s Kiosk, Hunstanton’. Photohistorian Paul Godfrey believes that she was one of the earliest photographers to produce 'walkie' pictures. She also ran studios in Peterborough in the years after the First World War. Though a substantial amount of her work was for the inexpensive and unpretending holiday market, an attractive example of her more thoughtful work can be seen on David Spencer’s website.

 

BOSANQUET, Richard

141 Blackfriars Road, Yarmouth

TC1901 

BOSWELL, William

 

Magdalen Street, Norwich

HN1863, HN1868

 

15 & 16 Exchange Street, Norwich

MN1867

 

Exchange Street, Norwich          

HN1868

 

MN1867 and HN1868 refer to ‘William Boswell & Son’, which suggests that the son entered the business between 1863 and 1867. But this assumption is undermined by a number of surviving ambrotypes. Printed on the back of these is, ‘W Boswell jun., Magdalen Street, Norwich. Portraits in this style, Sixpence’, and several of them are dated 1859 or 1860. Cory gives 1859 as the earliest date for the Magdalen Street Studio. He dates the Exchange Street premises from c1864, and suggests the firm continued in photography until about 1872. A little more information and some examples of Boswell's work can be found on the 'Early Norfolk Photographs' website.

 

BOUCH, Ernest

 

Assistant, aged 14, to Jasper Wright (q.v.) of Lynn. His death by drowning was reported by The Lincolnshire Echo of 27th June 1895.

 

BOUGHTON, Walter

 

Guildhall Street, Thetford

WN1883, WS1892

 

Market Place, Thetford

WS1885, KN1888, KN1892

 

King Street, Thetford                     

WN1890

 

For subsequent operations in partnership with his sons, see below.

 

BOUGHTON, W & Sons

 

92 Regent Road, Yarmouth

KN1896

 

King Street, Thetford         

KN1896 KN1900, TC1901, KN1904, KN1908, KN1912

 

Station Road, Thetford

KN1896, KN1908, KN1912

 

Lowestoft       

KN1896

 

60 London Street, Norwich         

KN1900

 

2 St John's Terrace, Lynn

KN1900, TC1901

 

London Street, Norwich

TC1901

 

High Street, Lynn    

TL1901

 

102 High Street, Lynn

KN1904, KN1908

 

This was a family-owned chain of studios, building on the success of William Boughton’s work in Thetford during the 1880s. There is only one mention of a Lowestoft studio in Norfolk sources, but the Boughtons ran a number of studios in Suffolk (for which, see the Suffolk directory). They also opened a studio in Peterborough (then in Northamptonshire) in the late 1890s.

 

BOVILL, William John

 

Northwold

KN1896, KN1900, KN1904, KN1908

 

BRADDOCK, George

 

Martham

KN1865, KN1869, KN1875, KN1879, WN1883

 

White Street, Martham

HN1868, HN1872, HN1877

 

HN1863 records a George Braddock, watchmaker, at Martham. The photographer is also described as a watch and clock maker in HN1868, HN1872, and HN1877.

 

BRAND, C & Co

 

Opaline Works, 75 & 77 Dereham Road, Norwich

KN1892

 

Station Road, North Walsham

KN1892

 

BREWER, Julian Cedric

 

Yoxford House, St Stephen's Road, Norwich

MN1867, HN1868, KN1869, HN1872, KN1875, HN1877, KN1879, HAM 1879, WN1883, EN1883

 

Cory records 31/33 St Stephen's Road as the number of Yoxford House.

 

BROWN

 

A cabinet print, in the possession of Sheila Miller and dating probably from the 1890s, is marked: 'Brown, Photographic Artist, 10 Cloisters Street, Norwich'.

 

BROWN, Mr

 

According to an advertisement in the Lynn Advertiser, 14th March 1857, Mr Brown was a 'first-rate photographer' engaged by W R Pridgeon to assist him in the running of his new studio.

 

BROWN, Mrs C

 

East Gates Studio, 91 Norfolk Street, opposite Railway Road, Lynn

TAL1895

 

BROWNE, George

 

Prince of Wales Road, Norwich

WN1890

 

A cabinet print from the second half of the1880s gives the studio address as Foundry Road, Norwich, and adds: 'George W Newman, manager'.

 

BRUNTON, William George

 

High Street, Dereham        

HN1863, HN1872, KN1875, HN1877, KN1879, WN1883, KN1883

 

Brunton’s business was described as ‘photographer and fancy repository’ in HN1863 and HN1872. In HN1877 he appeared as ‘jeweller, Berlin (wool) merchant, fancy repository & photographer’.

 

BULLOCK, Edward

 

4 London Road, Lynn

HN1872, HN1877

 

The common studio address arouses suspicions that Edward Bullock and Edwin Bullock (below) are the same person. Since the 1871 census shows Edwin as a King’s Lynn photographer, and since there is no sign of an Edward, it appears that Harrod is in error over the forename.

 

BULLOCK, Edwin

 

St James' Street, Lynn

HN1868, KN1869

 

4 London Road, Lynn

KN1875

 

The brother of H B Bullock, below, he opened his first studio on 5th June 1865. The move to the London Road studio was made at the beginning of 1872 (Source: 'Lynn Advertiser' ). He was bought out by Wallis and Manders (q.v.) in July 1878, but was in business again, in Luton, by 1871. (See also Edward Bullock, above.)

 

BULLOCK, H B

 

An itinerant photographer noted by Heathcote as setting up a studio in September and October 1852 at 110 High Street, Lynn. He produced portraits on paper by a method he described as ‘collodio-iodide of silver’.

 

BULLOCK, Thomas Brame

 

Son of Edwin Bullock, above. Born in King's Lynn in 1871/2, he later ran studios in Warwickshire and Worcestershire, but he may never have practised in his native county.

 

BURGESS, John Middleton

 

5 Lower Goat Lane, Norwich

KN1865

 

Burgess was the inventor of the Eberneum or Ivorytype process, one of a number of methods devised for producing positive images on a manufactured, ivory-like material. At the time of KN1865, Burgess’ partner-to-be, Thomas Henry Grimwood, was running a tailoring business at the same address.

 

BURGESS, Grimwood &

 

Queen Street, Norwich

MN1867, HN1868, KN1869, HN1872

 

According to 'The Norfolk News' of 23rd December 1865, they had just opened their Queen Street studio the day before.

 

BURGESS & Jennings

 

Queen Street, Norwich

KN1875

 

By the time of HN1877, Jennings was running the business alone.

 

BURRELL & Flower

 

75 Dereham Road, Norwich         

KN1896

 

BURRELL, H R

 

Market Place, Fakenham

KN1858

 

BURTON, R

 

Of North Walsham. Known only from a 'Norfolk News' advertisement, 23rd April 1870, where he offered 'for sale at half its original cost, a [photographic] salon, built last year'.

 

 

 

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