BAILEY, Albert



KN1900, KN1904, KN1908, KN1912, KN1916


BALDRY, George William


In 'The Norfolk Chronicle', 26th December 1863, Baldry announced the opening of his newly-built studio at 6 London Street, Norwich. His bankruptcy was reported in 'The Norfolk News', 28th January 1865.  Cory describes him as being ‘from London’, but no Baldry is to be found in Pritchard.




2a Exchange Street, Norwich         

KN1896, TC1901


114 St Benedict's Street, Norwich 

KN1900, KN1904, KN1908, JN1911, KN1912, JN1914, KN1916


Listed as Banger & Co in KN1912, KN1916. Cartes and cabinet prints, probably from the 1890s, have ‘2 Exchange Street, Market Place, Norwich’. Cory gives this form of the address for c1894. TC1901 misreports him as 'F H Banger'.


BANGER, Gavin &


White Lion Street, Norwich



Back of the Inns, Norwich         



85 Upper St Giles Street, Norwich         



BANTOCK, Roger James


7 Castle Street, Thetford

KN1904, KN1908, KN1912


38 King Street, Thetford

KN1916, AN1916




Theatre Street, Dereham



BARBER Charles


Dereham Road, Norwich

MN1867, KN1875


See note after the entry for Charles J Barber.


BARBER Charles J


St Benedict's Road, Norwich         

HN1863, HN1868, HN1872, HN1877


The series of Barber/Barker entries is confusing. Since the two surnames are similar, since St Benedict’s Road is the Dereham Road, since the initials ‘I’ and ‘J’ look much alike, and since no two of these entries ever appear in the same source, some errors in the original directory listings seem possible. The four entries in this A to Z may represent just two photographers – or even one. Charles J Barber, aged 40, is the only one of this group of alleged photographers to have been found in the 1871 census.


BARKER Charles Ives


Dereham Road, Norwich



The provision of a full middle name, Ives, adds an air of authenticity. But see note after the entry for Charles J Barber.




Dereham Road, Norwich



See note after the entry for Charles J Barber.


BARNS, Frank and Bertha


Paul Godfrey has found evidence of this husband-and-wife studio that has yet to be discovered in any trade directory. The 1911 census shows Frank and Bertha Barns, aged 46 and 43 respectively, living at 186 North Gates Street, Great Yarmouth. He is described as ‘photographer’ and ‘employer’. No occupation is given for her, but it seems that the business was run in her name, since postcards exist with ‘B E Barns, Hippodrome Studio, Great Yarmouth’ or ‘B E Barns, The Lady Photographer, Hippodrome Studio, Great Yarmouth’ printed on the back. It is possible that the studio was on the south side of the Hippodrome Circus forecourt on Marine Parade, for an Edwardian postcard shows an unidentified studio on this site. The shop front has signs advertising ‘Perfect Portraits, 12 for 1/-, including frames. Day or Night, Wet or Fine.’ The implication is that artificial lighting was in use, which would have given the studio a competitive edge over the nearby beach and promenade photographers, whose business was at the mercy of light and weather conditions.


The couple came from Kent, and in the 1870s Frank’s father, Thomas, had set up a photographic studio in Faversham in addition to his cabinet making business. Other members of the family also became photographers. By 1881 Frank was assisting his father in the studio, and in 18891 he was working as a photographer in Nottingham, though not, apparently, running his own business. Frank and Bertha Elizabeth Histed married in Faversham, also in 1891, and were still there in 1901. There is no indication of how long their Hippodrome Studio lasted, but competition in Yarmouth was strong, and a business on the seafront may have struggled for custom during the winter months.


BARROW, Edward Thomas Ebenezer


Market Street, Wymondham   



BATCHELDER, Stephen John


Opposite Pitt Street, St Augustine's, Norwich



St Augustine’s Street, Norwich



Ber Street, Norwich         

HN1868, HN1872


Regent Road, Yarmouth

HN1872, KN1875, HN1877, KN1879


73 Regent Road, Yarmouth

GY 1874, SYcirca1878


2 Roman Place, Nelson Road, Yarmouth       

KN1875, KN1879


Two identically named members of the Batchelder family practised photography, and, except in Kelly, it is not always clear which is referred to. KN1865 mentions Stephen John Batchelder & Son and MN1867 refers to S J Batchelder & Sons, while Stephen John Batchelder junior is listed in KN1875 and KN1879. Other directories simply have Stephen or S J Batchelder. (Regent Road studios)




He set up a Photographic Gallery at Castle Meadow in Norwich in 1854, and a 'Norfolk Chronicle' advertisement on 30th September announced that he would soon be leaving the city to visit Oxford. He is presumably the John Baume mentioned by Heathcote as a former associate of Oliver Sarony, who travelled extensively throughout England during the years 1853-58.


BAXTER, John James


Referred to in 'The Norfolk News', 5th April 1856, where he is described in a Norwich court report as having formerly run a chemist's shop and as currently claiming to be a 'photographic artist'. He was living in St Benedict's, Norwich, at the time, though there's no clear evidence that he had a studio there.


BEALES, Anthony


Believed active in the early 1890s.  A cabinet print of Clarke & Co, apparently dating from the mid 1890s, is marked ‘Studio Royal, Norwich, late Anthony Beales’.




Known to have set up temporary studios in Regent Road, Yarmouth, in July 1852, and in Diss some time in 1855. A 'Norfolk News' advertisement of 21st June 1856 (when he was working in Lowestoft, Suffolk) refers to him visiting Yarmouth six years earlier. This appears to indicate a visit to the town in 1850, but Beattie's counting of the years may have been a little approximate.


Born in Scotland around 1820, Beattie was a daguerreotypist who took up wet plate photography in the early 1850s. His travels in Eastern England included both Norfolk and Suffolk, but he eventually settled in Bristol in 1858. He is referred to by both Linkman and Heathcote.




Chamberlain Buildings, Lynn



Described in Craven as a ‘photographic portrait painter’. His 1857 advertisements in the Lynn Advertiser refer to his having been practising in the town for two years and identify the studio as being in Railway Road.


BENNETT, Mrs Charles


This was Sybilla Bennett, the wife of a local builder. Heathcote notes that, in August 1854, Mrs Bennett advertised a portrait studio at 7 London Road, King’s Lynn, and she contributed photographs to an exhibition marking the opening of Lynn's Athenaeum in 1854. She also offered

lessons in making wax flowers.


BERRY, William C


Church Street, Wells   





Castle Meadow, Norwich         



BIDWELL, Frederick


Lynn Road, Swaffham



See also Frederick B Bidwell, below.


BIDWELL, Frederick B


London Road, Downham       



See also Frederick Bidwell, above.


BILL, Little


Believed to be the trading name of William Martin. See entry under 'Little Bill.'


BIRD, Sawyer &


42 London Street, Norwich         



King Street, Yarmouth

HN1872, HN1877



HN1872, GY1874, HN1877





182 King Street, Yarmouth       

GY1874, KN1875


32 London Street, Norwich         

KN1875, KN1879, KN1883


36a Rathbone Place, London (offices)



42 London Street, Norwich



14 King Street, Yarmouth       

SYcirca1878, KN1979, KN1883


74 Oxford Street, London (offices)          



John Sawyer had already been running a studio at 42 London Street for some years before 1872, and Heathcote says the partnership was formed in 1871. According to Pritchard, Sawyer & Bird also had London premises at 87 Regent Street West, 1872-3, and were part of the firm of Sawyer, Bird & Foxlee at that address in 1874. Further information about the partnership appears under Sawyer & Bird. See also the Sawyer & Bird studio folder and a separate note on King Street studios.


BLANCHARD, Valentine, senior


According to the 'Lynn Advertiser', he opened a studio at the 'Photographic Rooms of Mr Agger, the builder' in Railway Road, Lynn, on 18th June 1859, and stayed there until late February or early March 1860. For information about his later career, see studio note.


BLANCHARD, Valentine, junior


Nephew of Valentine Blanchard, above. The 1881 census shows him as a photographer at 107 Norfolk Street, King’s Lynn, but no record of this studio has been found in trade directories. He subsequently ran studios in Wisbech and Cambridge. For more information, see the Cambridgeshire Directory.


BLAKELY, S Fitzgerald







He is referred to by Cory at 16 Bethel Street, Norwich, c1867, working with William Blazeby, below.


BLAZEBY, William


Bethel Street, Norwich         

MN1867, HN1868, KN1869, HN1872, HN1877


BOND & Newman


Bank Plain, Norwich         



Bond is the same as William Bond, below. On the evidence of a copyright registration found by David Gobbitt, the partners had taken over the Bank Plain studio from C M Gidney by October 1886. A cabinet print from the mid-to-late 1880s gives the information: 'Bond & Newman, late R Green. Bank Plain and New Catton, Norwich'. (Robert Green had run the Bank Plain studio for some years before Gidney's brief tenure.) The New Catton branch was presumably the Denmark Road studio at which Bond also operated under just his own name for a while. 


BOND, Frederick


172 Waterloo Road, Norwich



BOND, Henry


Withers Street, Holt     



BOND, William


Cawston, Norwich         



Church Lane, Norwich



New Catton, Norwich



Denmark Road, New Catton



Granville Terrace, Norwich         



Magdalen Road, Norwich



Bank Plain, Norwich         

WN1890, KN1892





1 Sprowston Road, Norwich         

KN1892, KN1896, KN1900, KN1904


53 London Street, Norwich         



Magdalen Street, Norwich         



63 Magdalen Street, Norwich         

KN1900, KN1904


72b Magdalen Street, Norwich



131a Magdalen Street, Norwich

JN1911, KN1912, JN1914, KN1916


These entries probably all refer to the same practitioner. Denmark Road was later known as Sprowston Road. Cory mentions an additional studio at 4 Churchill Road, Norwich, 1894. Cartes in the possession of Sheila Miller mention studios at both Bank Plain and New Catton, so there was a period - not evident from trade directory entries - when both studios  were operating at the same time. David Gobbitt has discovered a copyright registration showing that the New Catton studio was in operation as early as October 1886.(See also Bond & Newman, above.)


BONE, Miss May


Norwich Street/Road, Fakenham 

KN1904, KN1908, KN1912, KN1916


Beach Terrace, Hunstanton



Red Lion Street, Aylsham ,



Pier Gate, Hunstanton 

KN1912, KN1916


Station Road, Fakenham



Miss Bone’s Hunstanton operation aimed for a share of the holiday trade. The business took promenade photos that were presented in postcard format and bore the address ‘May Bone’s Kiosk, Hunstanton’. Photohistorian Paul Godfrey believes that she was one of the earliest photographers to produce 'walkie' pictures. She also ran studios in Peterborough in the years after the First World War. Though a substantial amount of her work was for the inexpensive and unpretending holiday market, an attractive example of her more thoughtful work can be seen on David Spencer’s website.



141 Blackfriars Road, Yarmouth


BOSWELL, William


Magdalen Street, Norwich

HN1863, HN1868


15 & 16 Exchange Street, Norwich



Exchange Street, Norwich          



MN1867 and HN1868 refer to ‘William Boswell & Son’, which suggests that the son entered the business between 1863 and 1867. But this assumption is undermined by a number of surviving ambrotypes. Printed on the back of these is, ‘W Boswell jun., Magdalen Street, Norwich. Portraits in this style, Sixpence’, and several of them are dated 1859 or 1860. Cory gives 1859 as the earliest date for the Magdalen Street Studio. He dates the Exchange Street premises from c1864, and suggests the firm continued in photography until about 1872. A little more information and some examples of Boswell's work can be found on the 'Early Norfolk Photographs' website.


BOUCH, Ernest


Assistant, aged 14, to Jasper Wright (q.v.) of Lynn. His death by drowning was reported by The Lincolnshire Echo of 27th June 1895.




Guildhall Street, Thetford

WN1883, WS1892


Market Place, Thetford

WS1885, KN1888, KN1892


King Street, Thetford                     



For subsequent operations in partnership with his sons, see below.




92 Regent Road, Yarmouth



King Street, Thetford         

KN1896 KN1900, TC1901, KN1904, KN1908, KN1912


Station Road, Thetford

KN1896, KN1908, KN1912





60 London Street, Norwich         



2 St John's Terrace, Lynn

KN1900, TC1901


London Street, Norwich



High Street, Lynn    



102 High Street, Lynn

KN1904, KN1908


This was a family-owned chain of studios, building on the success of William Boughton’s work in Thetford during the 1880s. There is only one mention of a Lowestoft studio in Norfolk sources, but the Boughtons ran a number of studios in Suffolk (for which, see the Suffolk directory). They also opened a studio in Peterborough (then in Northamptonshire) in the late 1890s.


BOVILL, William John



KN1896, KN1900, KN1904, KN1908





KN1865, KN1869, KN1875, KN1879, WN1883


White Street, Martham

HN1868, HN1872, HN1877


HN1863 records a George Braddock, watchmaker, at Martham. The photographer is also described as a watch and clock maker in HN1868, HN1872, and HN1877.




Opaline Works, 75 & 77 Dereham Road, Norwich



Station Road, North Walsham



BREWER, Julian Cedric


Yoxford House, St Stephen's Road, Norwich

MN1867, HN1868, KN1869, HN1872, KN1875, HN1877, KN1879, HAM 1879, WN1883, EN1883


Cory records 31/33 St Stephen's Road as the number of Yoxford House.




A cabinet print, in the possession of Sheila Miller and dating probably from the 1890s, is marked: 'Brown, Photographic Artist, 10 Cloisters Street, Norwich'.




According to an advertisement in the Lynn Advertiser, 14th March 1857, Mr Brown was a 'first-rate photographer' engaged by W R Pridgeon to assist him in the running of his new studio.




East Gates Studio, 91 Norfolk Street, opposite Railway Road, Lynn



BROWNE, George


Prince of Wales Road, Norwich



A cabinet print from the second half of the1880s gives the studio address as Foundry Road, Norwich, and adds: 'George W Newman, manager'.


BRUNTON, William George


High Street, Dereham        

HN1863, HN1872, KN1875, HN1877, KN1879, WN1883, KN1883


Brunton’s business was described as ‘photographer and fancy repository’ in HN1863 and HN1872. In HN1877 he appeared as ‘jeweller, Berlin (wool) merchant, fancy repository & photographer’.




4 London Road, Lynn

HN1872, HN1877


The common studio address arouses suspicions that Edward Bullock and Edwin Bullock (below) are the same person. Since the 1871 census shows Edwin as a King’s Lynn photographer, and since there is no sign of an Edward, it appears that Harrod is in error over the forename.




St James' Street, Lynn

HN1868, KN1869


4 London Road, Lynn



The brother of H B Bullock, below, he opened his first studio on 5th June 1865. The move to the London Road studio was made at the beginning of 1872 (Source: 'Lynn Advertiser' ). He was bought out by Wallis and Manders (q.v.) in July 1878, but was in business again, in Luton, by 1871. (See also Edward Bullock, above.)




An itinerant photographer noted by Heathcote as setting up a studio in September and October 1852 at 110 High Street, Lynn. He produced portraits on paper by a method he described as ‘collodio-iodide of silver’.


BULLOCK, Thomas Brame


Son of Edwin Bullock, above. Born in King's Lynn in 1871/2, he later ran studios in Warwickshire and Worcestershire, but he may never have practised in his native county.


BURGESS, John Middleton


5 Lower Goat Lane, Norwich



Burgess was the inventor of the Eberneum or Ivorytype process, one of a number of methods devised for producing positive images on a manufactured, ivory-like material. At the time of KN1865, Burgess’ partner-to-be, Thomas Henry Grimwood, was running a tailoring business at the same address.


BURGESS, Grimwood &


Queen Street, Norwich

MN1867, HN1868, KN1869, HN1872


According to 'The Norfolk News' of 23rd December 1865, they had just opened their Queen Street studio the day before.


BURGESS & Jennings


Queen Street, Norwich



By the time of HN1877, Jennings was running the business alone.


BURRELL & Flower


75 Dereham Road, Norwich         





Market Place, Fakenham





Of North Walsham. Known only from a 'Norfolk News' advertisement, 23rd April 1870, where he offered 'for sale at half its original cost, a [photographic] salon, built last year'.




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