A-Z DIRECTORY OF NORFOLK PHOTOGRAPHERS
Sources and conventions
Though appearing in some Suffolk trade directories, Great Yarmouth and Thetford were and are in Norfolk, so they are included in this listing. Lowestoft is in Suffolk (in spite of the fact that some trade directories added it to Norfolk), so it is not covered by this listing. Gorleston and Southtown Yarmouth were part of Suffolk and appeared in Suffolk directories. But some photographers worked both in Great Yarmouth and in its southern extensions, so their full careers appear both here and in the Suffolk list.
The following abbreviations are used for Norfolk sources:
AN Aubrey's Norfolk
CLN Colman’s Norwich
CN Craven's Norfolk
CY Cobb's Great Yarmouth
EN Eyre’s Norwich
FP Finger Post (Great Yarmouth)
GY Godfrey's Great Yarmouth
HAM Hamilton’s Norwich
HN Harrod's Norfolk & Norwich
IDT Ipswich & District Trades Directory
JN Jarrold’s Norwich
KN Kelly's Norfolk
KY Kelly's Great Yarmouth
LNA Lynn News Almanack & Diary
LR King's Lynn Red Book
MN Mathieson’s Norwich
MS Morris' Suffolk
NH Norfolk Handbook
NTC National Telephone Company Directory
SL Sconce's Illustrated Almanack, King's Lynn
SY Steer's Great Yarmouth
TAL Thew & Sons' Almanac Companion, King's Lynn
TC Town & County's Eastern Counties of England
TL Turner's King's Lynn
WN White's Norfolk
WS White's Suffolk
Evidence has been drawn from:
HN 1863, 1868, 1872, 1877
JN 1911, 1914
KN 1858, 1865, 1869, 1875, 1879, 1883, 1888, 1892, 1896, 1900, 1904, 1908, 1912, 1916
KY 1911/12, 1913/14, 1915/16
LNA 1885-1889, 1891, 1892
SL 1904-1910, 1912-1915
SY circa 1878
TAL 1895, 1908
WN 1854, 1864, 1883, 1890
WS 1874, 1885, 1892
Abbreviations, as indicated, are also used for the following additional sources of information:
More Early Studios (2), K P Adamson, The Photographic Journal (Royal Photographic Society), July 1988
Professional Photographers in Lincolnshire, K P Adamson, Royal Photographic Society, 1993
The Magic Boxes: Professional Photographers and their Studios in North Essex, 1845-1937,
David & John Appleby, Essex Record Office, 1992.
The Search for Eugenia Fynch. The Story of Norfolk's Unknown Victorian Photographers,
Janis Austin, Jayne Greenacre & Brtian Grint, Acle Community Archive group, 2011
Norwich Carte-De-Visite Photographers, David Cory, in Bygones 5, edited by Dick Joice, Boydell Press, 1980
Developing the Picture: Queen Alexandra and the Art of Photography, Frances Dimond, Royal
Collection Publications, 2004
Norfolk Through a Lens, Clare Everitt, Norfolk Library and Information Service, 2012
UK Fairground Ancestors website at http://members.shaw.ca/pauline777/Visual.html
Professional Photographers in Cheltenham, 1841-1914, Michael Hallett, Royal Photographic Society, 1986
A Faithful Likeness, The First Photographic Portrait Studios in the British Isles, 1841-1855,
Bernard & Pauline Heathcote, Heathcote, 2000
Victorian & Edwardian Norfolk from Old Photographs, Philip Hepworth, Batsford, 1972
The Victorians – Photographic Portraits, Audrey Linkman, Tauris Parke, 1993
A Directory of London Photographers 1841-1908, Michael Pritchard, PhotoResearch, 1994
Savin & Holden:
The Streets of Cromer, notes by A S Savin and C C Holden in the Cromer Museum
Certain Norfolk town names are commonly abbreviated, and the shorter form is customarily used in the record of entries. It should therefore be noted that:
Dereham is the same as East Dereham.
Downham is the same as Downham Market.
Hunstanton is the same as Hunstanton St Edmunds & New Hunstanton. (‘Hunstanton St Edmunds’ tends to appear up to the mid-1890s and ‘New Hunstanton’ thereafter, but ‘Hunstanton' may be found at any time.)
Lynn is the same as King's Lynn.
Wells is the same as Wells-next-the-Sea (or Wells-on-Sea, as it was sometimes called in the 19th century).
Yarmouth is the same as Great Yarmouth.
In 1994 a disastrous fire at the Library and Norfolk Record Office in Norwich destroyed almost the entire range of trade directories held in the Norfolk Studies collection. Other libraries in the county fortunately had good holdings of Norfolk directories, but some information covering the city of Norwich was lost. Some years before the fire, however, David Cory made the study of Norwich photographers listed above, and his work includes details not found in the sources used for this listing. So it is with relief and a strong sense of indebtedness that a number of references
to his findings have been added to this Norfolk directory.
The following conventions have been adopted for the ordering and presentation of entries:
Individuals are listed before any partnerships that include them.
Partnerships appear under the names of both (or all) partners.
Where a photographer embarked on more than one partnership, those partnerships are listed in alphabetical order of the partner who is not the focus of the entry.
Addresses are listed in order of their earliest appearance.
Imprecise addresses (those which name only the town/village, or those which give a street but no number) are recorded separately. They may, of course, refer to a studio listed more precisely elsewhere in that photographer’s entry.
Additional notes are set in italics.
Two famous professionals with Norfolk connections (Emerson and Martin) have been included in the listing, despite their lack of a commercial base in the county. A work covering Norfolk photographers would have seemed incomplete without them.
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